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British 78rpm record
labels whose name begins with
Using the letter links below you can see pages for other letters.
Unless otherwise noted, all research and images are my own, but as you will see, many other people have helped, especially with the label catalogue listings.
All images are thumbnails, so clicking on them will display a full-sized image. Where the label name is a link, clicking it will take you to a new page with more information and, in most cases, an attempt to list all issues on that label.
Page last updated on: August 03, 2017
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W & Z
This was a vertical-cut disc produced
by the Clarion Record Co just before WWI. They were long-playing (5
minutes each side) but short-lived, their catalogue numbers starting at
10001 and finishing at 10006. Price was 3/- each.
Here is a listing:
My thanks to Norman Field for providing the label scan.
These were 10" records prodcued in the
mid-1950s for the Association of Ukranians in Great Britain. They were
made by Levy's Oriole Records Ltd with a catalogue in the E-100 series.
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label image.
There were two very distinctly
different Eclipse records in Britain during the 78-rpm era.
The first dates from just before WWI. It was manufactured in Germany for the British market. They are very rare, but obviously had ceased to exist on the outbreak of WWI in 1914.
Thanks to Ray Stephenson for the label photo of the early Eclipse.
The later, and very much more common 8" Eclipse record was launched in April 1931 and was available at only 6d from Woolworth's. The recording quality was good, as was the material. To keep the costs down, one side was usually a non-copyright song bought outright from the composer or publisher. All masters were English, and the catalogue started sensibly at 1 and ran to 1011 by July 1935 when they were discontinued. There was also a blue-labelled SC-1 series for more serious music, which ran up to SC-160.
The original recording company in the United States, set up by Thomas
Edison, started manufacturing discs in 1913. Known as "Diamond Discs"
they were ¼" thick and had a fine vertical cut groove. These were also
imported on the UK from August 1922; the imports recognisable by the publisher's copyright
stamp found attached to the label (see example, right).
Edison also produced a long-playing vertical cut version of the Diamond disc, and, amazingly, these also seemed to have made their way to the UK, judging by the example, right. (Apologies for the low quality of this image.)
In the summer of 1929, the Edison company started producing standard lateral cut grooved records and it appears these were also imported into the UK, though only one known example has turned up in recent years. The Edison company ceased production in October 1929.
The popular (50000) series were sold at 5/6 and the standard (80000) series were 8/6. The high price, combined with the fact you needed a special (and expensive) machine to play them has ensuree that they remained rare.
The laterals were a cheaper at about 3/6, but still expensive: about the same price as an HMV record, but without the prestigious named artists.
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the scan of the Edison lateral.
|Edison Bell||An interesting historic
recording. Apart from all the build-up about Florence Nightingale, the
record concludes with a dubbing of Nightingale's own voice, taken from a
very much earlier recording (she died in 1910; this record dates from
the early 1930s). The words she speaks are quoted on the sleeve (see
photo). The label describes the record as "19th century
celebrity series No 1". As far as I am aware, this was the first
and only issue in this series!
Click here to hear the recording of Florence Nightingale's voice (dated 1890)
Note: The records issued as "Edison Bell Electron", "Edison Bell Radio", "Edison Bell Velvet Face" and "Edison Bell Winner" will be found under Electron, Radio, Velvet Face and Winner respectively.
|Electric||Another rare pre-WWI disc record using
the latest "buzzword" as it's name. They were not electrically
recorded, of course.
Please e-mail me with details of ANY of these records. Also a scan.
There were only two different records with this
name, both made by EMI in 1949 & 1950. They were numbered SS-10 and SS-13
respectively and were prodcuted for presentation to the Electrolux
company's dealers and agents at Christmas in those two years.
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label image.
|Electron||Electron records were a superior product from J. E. Hough's Edison Bell company, to replace the (mainly) acoustically recorded "Velvet Face" records. Electrons were all electric recordings and all British matrices. Their price means they did not sell well and are rarely found today, compared with Winner records. They were available from 1927 to 1929 and the catalogue ran from 0150 to 0303. A 12" series was also produced with an X-500 series catalogue.|
|Elephone||Elephone records were make by The Universal Talking Machine Company which was one of Francis Barraud's first forays into the early Gramophone record field. He was later involved in the Invicta record company which produced Invicta and Guardsman records. Elephone records date to about 1908-09 and were, I understand, made for exporting to India and much of the material issued on the label was of Indian music. The fact they were exported from Britain explains why they are so hard to find here.|
Manufactured by Crystalate/Vocalion, Elim records
date from the early 1930s, with a label design very reminiscent of the
"Broadcast 12 Super" label and with masters in a CP (Crystalate
Private) series and catalogue numbers starting at E-1. I suspect the
label was quite short-lived. All Elim records were of a religious nature
and were produced on behalf of The Elim Publishing Company Ltd. of Park
Crescent , London SW 4.
Thanks to Ian McPherson for the label image.
After a break of about 20 years following the last
"Crown" record, Embassy was the next Woolworths-only record
and appeared first in 1954 and cost 4/6. They were
recorded by Levy's Oriole Company at their studios in 73 Bond Street,
London and pressed at the Oriole factory in Aylesbury, Bucks. Embassy
high-quality cover recordings of popular chart hits. It is said that sometimes
The Embassy issue appeared
in the shops before the original was released. If this did happen, it
would have been an American hit awaiting release in Britian. Some
Embassy cover versions outsold the originals: Maureen Evans' version of
Stupid Cupid on Embassy outsold the Connie Francis original on
MGM, and sales were generally very high, which may be why Embassy record
sales became excluded from the published chart "Top 20". The last 78s
probably date from 1961 and Embassy continued at 45rpm (and as LPs)
until 1965 when Oriole was taken over by CBS.
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label images.
|Empire||There were at least 6
different Empire records in Britain at various times, three
pre-1920 era and three from the 1930s.
1. The first was a double-sided "Nicole" record, pressed on the same odd material. (Pic. 1). They appear to have used various coloured labels of this same design. (My thanks to Norman Field for providing this label scan)
2. The second appeared in 1911 and used Dacapo masters (Pic 2).
3. The next was actually called New Empire and was a Edison Bell product (the purple one shown here).
4. The colourful one pictured here was a Piccadilly subsidiary, appearing briefly in 1931, with a catalogue running from E-1 to E-12.
5. Next there was a flexible record, similar to Filmophone in material (not seen and not shown here)
6. Finally another shellac, a subsidiary of Octacros, produced for Metropolitan Stores during 1935-37, with an E-100 catalogue series (the red one here).
Footnote:- I believe that the name "Empire Recored" was also used on a "paste-over" label in the WWI period, but I have no examples and no further information as to what was being sold off in this manner.
|Encore||This was a pre-WWI Beka product, pressed in Germany (where it was marketed under the name of "Veni-Vidi-Vici"). The record's feature was two titles each side, rather like the later "4 in 1" disc. Unlike "4 in 1", though, Encore still only played for the normal 3 minutes or so, so each title was only about half as long as usual.|
|Era||Originally a Beka product, made in
Germany prior to WWI with a very artistic colourful design and catalogue
numbers matching Beka. Subsequently, Era became part of the Carl
Lindstrom group and the new, simpler design incorporated the
"£" ( 'L' for Lindstrom) symbol later associated with Parlophone.
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the first label photo. The monochrome image of the Lindstom Era is from Rainer Lotz; This is the only image he has located so far, despite extensive research into German labels.
|Esquire||A well-known jazz label from the post-WWII period, Esquire records first appeared in February 1948 and issued new recordings (sometimes pirated, I believe) of jazz bands of all then-current styles from Britain, America, Australia & France. British drummer Carlo Krahmer was the driving force behind the label, which made many recordings not issued initially on 78s but were made available later on vinyl LPs. Esquire records could be obtained from many jazz societies and dealers, the records cost 5/9 for 10" records and 7/3 for 12".|
|Evangelical||Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label photo.|
|Excelda||These were produced by Edison Bell from
about 1912 onwards for Bornand Freres of Devonshire Square, Bishopsgate,
|Excelophone||This was a British label marketed
on in Australia. The records all date from around WWI and were made for J.
G. Murdoch & Co (London). Several companies were involved in
providing the masters, including Edison Bell and Invicta. The basic
design was similar for all, though some are believed to be just pasted
over "Guardsman" records.
My thanks to Derek Kell for providing the label scan.
This is a "shop" label, sold by Moorhouse's of Padiham, Lancs. The style
shown here is stencilled from a "Bell" record, but some issues were from
Beka masters and usually sported a quite highly coloured label.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W & Z
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