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Labels - C

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British 78rpm record labels whose name begins with C. Using the letter links below you can see pages for other letters.
Unless otherwise noted, all research and images are my own, but as you will see, many other people have helped, especially with the label catalogue listings.

All images are thumbnails, so clicking on them will display a full-sized image. Where the label name is a link, clicking it will take you to a new page with more information and, in most cases, an attempt to list all issues on that label.

Page last updated on: December 20, 2017

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Label Label Description Image
Camden This is one of many paste-over labels on British records for export to Australia. In this case, they are pasted over Vocalion records.
Thanks to Bill Dean Myatt for providing the label image.
Cameo The British version of Cameo dates from 1916 and were sold by Gilbert's of Sheffield for 1/-. They were all paste-over labels using obsolete Regal records. The paste-over label does not show any artist names, just a description of the type of performance.  I believe that the Cameo label could be pasted over original Columbia, Columbia-Rena and Phoenix records as well. Sometimes, the label is just a half-label pasted over the original "Regal" name, and so showing all the details; it is believed these were exported to Australia.
Thanks to Bill Dean Myatt for providing the label photo.
Canterbury I know absolutely nothing about the Canterbury record. It is a "paste-over" label only as far as I am aware, but I am basing this on the only example I've seen which is pictured here. The Canterbury label is only a partial one, being pasted over the upper portion of a "Valkyrie" record. As such, there is no catalogue for Canterbury.
(sold in Australia)
Another paste-over of old stock for export to Australia, I believe Capitol labels were pasted over Parlophones (and possibly Columbias) from the 1920s, though later the sourced Parlophones were actually Australian.
The well-known label of the 1950s (and later) was first pressed by Decca, then later by EMI. The source recordings were always US Capitol and all issued rcordings were American.
The earliest UK capitols are thr gold on dark brown style, later changing to gold-on-purple, the laterr may be found as both Decca and EMI pressings.

There were also Capitol Junior records (this example here is an EMI pressing) of children's material

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the images.

Celebrity Celebrity Records were available during 1929 and 1930, a short lived venture by Celebrity Gramophones Ltd of 82, St Thomas Street, London, who made gramophones from 1927 until about 1932.
Celebrity records used a 4300 catalogue series and used U. K. masters from Worldecho and Dominion and U.S. masters from Grey Gull and QRS. They are extremely difficult to find. Most dance records seemed to be issued as by "Celebrity Dance Orchestra".
Cellutone Please e-mail me with details of ANY of these records. Also a label scan  
Champion-Gamage This was an oversized 10" disc pressed from Grammavox masters for sale in A W Gamage's department stores from 1911. The catalogue series ran from G-1 to at least G-180.
Thanks to Adam Miller for providing the label scan.
Chappell Chappell and Co were a music publishers in London. However, just before WWI, they ventured into the record business. The label bearing the company's name used masters from the Sound Recording Company and was very short-lived.

The Chappell De Luxe record was a 12" version. Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan.

In the post-WWI era, Chappell records appeared again, containing Library music.

Cherubini Society

The Cherubini Society was formed by Mr. M.G. Thomas (this isn't me, or a relative - ed. ) of Westbourne Park Road, London W.2.. The records issued under this name date from late 1949. They were 12" discs numbered CS-1 to CS-8.

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan.

Children's Special Service Mission

Produced by Parlophone and numbered in their special PO-series, this may be a one-off.

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan.

Christian Radio And Television

I'm guessing this dates to the 1950s, but apart from that I know nothing about it, though obviously it is one of a series of issues.

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan.

Cinch 1913, when Cinch Records were launched, was the start of a major cut-price war between the major record companies who were trying to regain the ground lost to recent, cheaper, newcomers into the disk record market. These newcomers were the Coliseum and Scala records introduced in 1912 by the Beka Co. of Germany, selling at 1/6 (7.5p). Cinch records were manufactured by The Gramophone Company, often using existing Zonophone matrices. They were sold at 1/1 (about 6p), undercutting the German records, and offered top artists, albeit under pseudonyms in many cases (with the usual exception of the ubiquitous Billy Williams!).

The advent of the first World War, which halted cheap German imports, removed the competition which had resulted in the creation of Cinch and other similar record labels, but it had become so popular that it wasn't until January 1916 when the last Cinch supplement was published. The catalogue numbers ran from 5001 up to 5462.

Label listing: The late Arthur Badrock's listing of this label is now available from the CLPGS. (Booklet No. RS 30)

Cinecord Cinecord was a product of British Homophone Ltd and many of the masters used were also available on Sterno.  They were only available during 1935.
With the exceptions of the first issues, the bands are anonymous on Cinecords. The catalogue started at O2 and only lasted a few issues probably up to about O21. (The first one was labelled OD1 (i.e. Odeon).) 
Citizen Citizen records are rare and rather mysterious. They first appeared in 1916 and were a Crystalate product using a 3000 catalogue series (see first pic). By 1920 they were being produced by Vocalion and the label changed to a light & dark mauve design (see second example) before changing to the red and gold label seen here (third scan). The Vocalion-produced Citizen records used a 3-digit series starting at 501 and running into the late 800s before ceasing in the mid 1920s.
As you can tell, little is known about the label, the size of the catalogue, or for whom they were produced, though they seem to turn up most often in the Manchester disctrict. The Vocalion period used the usual masters, apart from UK recorded Vocalion matrices, there are Gennett and Vocalion masters from the U.S.


Clarion The English Clarion label  is primarily remembered nowadays as a producer of cylindrical records. However they made two types of disc record, an early vertical-cut groove one and one with a standard groove, Both are very rare, and the label designs on both are the same.


Cleveland Cleveland was a jazz club label produced by the Cleveland Jazz Club of London from 1949, and concentrated, at least initially, on recordings by Freddy Randall & his Band. The records cost 7/6 and were only available direct from the Club. I believe they were precorded by Gui de Buire. Eight sides are known, numbered FR-1 to FR-8 and it may be that these are the only issues, and once Freddy Randall got a contract to record for Parlophone, no more Cleveland records were produced? Below is an attempt to list these.
The musicians in the band were: Freddy Randall (tpt), Ed Harvey (trmb), Bruce Truner (clt), Al Mead (pno), Bob Coram (gtr), Jack Surridge (bass), Harry Miller (drums).
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan, also to Ian Shortley for extra details.
Ref No Title Artists Coupling
FR-1 Tin Roof Blues Freddy Randall & his Band FR-4
FR-2   Freddy Randall & his Band  
FR-3   Freddy Randall & his Band  
FR-4 If I Could Be With You Freddy Randall & his Band FR-1
FR-5 Hurry On Down (vocal: Beryl Bryden) Freddy Randall & his Band FR-7
FR-6 Lonesome Road Freddy Randall & his Band FR-8
FR-7 At The Jazz Band Ball Freddy Randall & his Band FR-5
FR-8 Cooks Ferry Parade Freddy Randall & his Band FR-6
Bill has sent me the details of the missing two sides, but doesn't know the reference numbers for these, only how they are coupled:
  Viper Mad Freddy Randall & his Band Wolverine Blues
  Wolverine Blues Freddy Randall & his Band Viper Mad
Climax First appeared in Britain in 1901, Climax, in both 7" and 10" format (single-sided) were prodcued in America by the Columbia Phonograph Company, but the label name was changed to Columbia by later in 1902, hence Climax records were only available in Britain quite broefly, and very early, so it os not surpring that I've never seen one!
It is reasonable to assume at this early date, that the Climax records sold in America and those exported to Britain were identically labelled, so there is no way of telling one from another. I don't know which of these label styles comes first, or if they represent different markets. Note though, the metal centre ring which stregthened the record's centre hole.
I have found the images here on the internet at http://phonograph78.blogspot.co.uk

Clover This would appear to be a product of the Francis, Day & Hunter organisation and dating to the late 1940s. The catalogue series was in an S-1000 range and the matrices in a TL-series. Any further information would be gratefully received. The song in this image was puiblished in 1948, which helps to date this record. (Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for this information.)
Thanks to Norman Field for the label image.
Coliseum Coliseum records first appeared in 1912, offering popular music at a budget price. Numbering started at 100 and reached 2059 in early 1927 when manufacturing was discontinued. According to contemporary advertisements, the sole manufacturers were Cooper Brothers Ltd, of 45 & 63 City Road & 17, Clerkenwell Road, London EC 1, with branches in Manchester & Cardiff. Prices shown are 2/6 (12.5p) for the standard 10" disc. English matrices were from Vocalion and US matrices from Gennett (initially and finally) with Vocalion "in between", plus a few from Emerson.
Colonial / Colonial Perophone Colonial and Colonial Perophone records were manufactured in Germany by Homophon in the period immediately before WWI. They were made on behalf of Lockwoods of City Road London, for export only. This is generally believed to mean they were exported to Australia.

Thanks to Adam Miller for providing the Colonial label scan, and to Bill Dean-Myatt for the Colonial Perophone scan.

Columbia / Columbia-Rena The Columbia Graphophone Co Ltd was established in England in 1900 by the New York-based company of the same name. The English company, bought by Louis Sterling (formerly of the Rena Record Co) in 1922, also subsequently (a few years later) bought the American parent company.  Financial problems generally forced the company in 1931 to merge with it's main rival, The Gramophone Company (makers of HMV records). The new company, EMI, kept the Columbia name going until the 1970s, still using the DB-series started in 1930.
Listings of at least some of the various Columbia series are avalable from the CLPGS.

Concert This was an American label made by Leeds & Catlin and advertised as available in Britain during April and May 1906 for 2/- each. It is possible that further advertising of this label in the UK was quashed by The Gramophone Company as their 10" records were already labelled "Gramophone Concert Records". Indeed, it is possible that none actually made it on sale in the UK at all.  The image seen here is of a Leeds and Catlin "Concert" record as sold in the US.
Conqueror This was a pre-WWI record manufactured by The Disc Record Company, using old Nicole masters. It can therefore be assumed the Conqueror records date from after 1906 (when Nicole Freres' company closed).

My thanks to Norman Field for providing the label scan.
Conquest A rare 6" record recorded and manufactured by the Gramophone Company on behalf od British Homophone, for sale in Woolworths. The catalogue numbers started at 2001-D and seem to have ended there, too! It appears to be a trial that failed, possibly because Woolworths were expecting an electrically recorded disc they could sell for 6d. It is thought this was not possible owing to the copyright fee which the record company would have had to pay to Western electric making it uneconomical.

In 1957, a 10" record using this name was introduced under the aegis of the World Record Club. Catalogue numbers were in the series CP-100, and the records pressed by Phillips Electrical Ltd. though I don't know how many were produced.

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan of the later label.

Conroy A library music label produced for the Berry Music Company in the late 1950s and into the 1960s, probably always pressed in Vinyl.

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan.
Coral Originally a subsidiary label to Vogue and titled VOGUE CORAL SERIES in the mid-1950s, then in the later 1950s, the label name was taken on by Decca and they continued to use it until the 1970s (though obviously not on 78rpm records by then). The 78s are all American recordings.
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan.
Coronet These were available for a short period in 1917 and were made by Crystalate using Invicta masters. They were sold by Curwen's, the music publisher. In fact, no Coronet record has yet been found, though an advert at the time says 100 different discs were available on this label. Unfortunately for Curwen's, the name "Coronet" was already registered to Pathe Freres, so the stock of their Coronet records had to be withdrawn. They were then re-pressed and issued on the Neptune label.
Any details and/or a label scan would be gratefully received.
Cricket A 7" Children's record believed to date from the early 1960s and thereofre probably made from plastic. There is an American label of the same name issuing the same recordings, and many are also found on the "Happy Time" label, both in the UK and US.

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan.
Criterion This was apparently a 1920s label produced by the Sound Recording Company (makers of Grammavox records). None of these records have ever been found, so it may be an example of a name being registered, but not used. The only examples seen in recent years are a partial paste-over on Popular or Imperial records.
Thanks to Ray Stephenson for the label photo.
Crown The earliest Crown record dates from pre-WWI and was pressed by Polyphon using their own masters.

Then, in the mid-1920s, Edison Bell used the name for a 6" disc as a replacement for their 6" "Bell" records, but it was quite short-lived.

Then, in 1935, Crystalate produced Crown as a 9" record sale by F. W. Woolworths at 6d (2.5p) from 1935 to 1937. With the exception of a few items which were dubbed from US ARC masters, all these Crowns use UK masters recorded specifically for the label by Crystalate. Dance bands include Mrs Jack Hylton (Ennis Parkes), Billy Merrin and Jay Wilbur's band under many different pseudonyms. Harry Bidgood recorded his accordion band (using the name "Rossini") and there were many popular singers, including Vera Lynn, Donald Peers and Jenny Howard.

They also produced a short series of Nursery records (see last image)

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan of the nursery style.


Crown Perfect The Crown Perfect label was a paste-over stuck on old-stock single-faced Columbia records dating from pre-1910. These Crown Perfect recoreds were sold by Selfridge's department store in London and it may have been a way of clearing out the old single faced records once the double-faced ones were on sale.
Crystalate The well-known manufacturing company and, later, recording company only briefly issued records under their own name, instead of the more familiar Popular, Imperial, Rex &c. The 12" Crystalate records were issued in 1932 in a Z-100 series, but after only a few months, the company decided to use the usual Imperial label for these issues instead.
The company also used the Crystalate name for issues of their 7" Victory records in France (second image).

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the first label scan.

CTC CTC stands for "Cape to Cairo", from which I assume the CTC Bazaars were a chain of stores operating in Africa. This record is a 6" record using "Little Marvel" masters from English Vocalion which date from the 1920s.
Thanks to Rainer Lotz for the label scan
Curry's Curry's were bicycle manufacturers originally, starting in 1884. I assume that, like now, they had many branches around the country. However, like many bicycle shops at the start of the 20th century, they started selling records and gramophones too. The difference was that they decided to have their own record labels too. Apart from the ones here, with their own name, they also sold "Portland" and "Westport" records exclusively as well. Whether they also sold the standard record labels, I have no idea.

The first "Curry's" records were pressed by Edison Bell using matrices available on their "Bell" and "Winner" label (some were just "paste-overs").  They probably date from 1911, and are likely to have been quite short-lived as they are very scarce, even compared to "Bell Discs" from which they were derived. (See first example, right.)

From just after the end of the Great War, Crystalate started producing the Curry's label. They produced two series, both with yellow labels.
The first series used Invicta/Guardsman masters (including aome from American Gennett) (see second example right), with a catalogue series running from 1 to just over 100 and dating from about 1919 to 1921.
They then started another series, using the 2nd yellow label design (3rd image right) and using their own masters (i.e. from Grammavox, Popular and then Imperial, the latter also including American recordings from the ARC/Plaza group). Records were usually issued under pseudonyms (almost all dance records issued as Curry's Dance Orch). The catalogue numbering started (again)  at 1, and reached about 350 before they were withdrawn.   

Subsequently, Curry's records use a paste-over label on Piccadilly records (see fourth example), probably to sell old stock, until around 1929. The records were probably sold for 1/- to 1/6 (5p - 7.5p). These show the same catalogue number & artist credit as the original Piccadilly issue. It is not known how many Piccadilly records were overlabelled in this manner, but from my experience, the concentration is on the earlier records - the highest I have is number 452.

The scan of the first yellow Curry's label has been taken from Steven Walker's excellent "English Ragtime" discography. For anyone interested in this subject, quite apart from the well-researched discographical information, the book has some superb label scans in full colour and many monochrome photographic reproductions of the artists.
The book is available from the CLPGS. (Click to go to their website).

The digital photo of the Curry's sleeve (with record) shown left was kindly sent to me by Maurice Holmes

Curwen Curwen were music publishers and this label was an outlet for some of their music. The records were recorded and pressed by Synchrophone, who were also producing Octacros records, which have a similarly-designed label.
Thanks to Greg Butler for the label scan.
Cymot An extremely scarce label from the Vocalion stable from the early 1920s. Note the similarity in design to the equally rare "Adelphi" label, also from Vocalion which dates from later in the 1920s. It may be that Cymot was Adelphi's predecessor. Both being so rare, it may be that they were produced for Export only.    
Please e-mail me with details of ANY of these records.

My thanks to
Steve Walker for the label scan.

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