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Labels - R

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British 78rpm record labels whose name begins with R. Using the letter links below you can see pages for other letters.
Unless otherwise noted, all research and images are my own, but as you will see, many other people have helped, especially with the label catalogue listings.

All images are thumbnails, so clicking on them will display a full-sized image. Where the label name is a link, clicking it will take you to a new page with more information and, in most cases, an attempt to list all issues on that label.

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Label Label Description Images
Rabbit These were made for export to Thailand. This rather fuzzy example was made in England, hence its inclusion here, but another example I have seen was made in India. Both examples were recorded & made by EMI.
Thanks to Rainer Lotz for the label image (and he apologies for the poor quality !)
Rach-o-phone A rare pre-WWI record manufactured in Germany and sold in Britain. They were sold by Israel Rachovitch of Whitechapel, East London, hence the label's name and the initials I.R. on the book motif on the label. They were made available from November 1912, and must have stopped by August 1914 on the outbreak of WWI, but they may have stopped well before then, judging by their rarity.

Rach-o-Phone records were manufactured in Germany by Kalliope, using "Blum" masters (also to be found on Diploma, Pioneer, Stella, Victory etc).

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for the label scan
Radiex Radiex records were a product of the Grey Gull company of Boston, Mass, USA, from the early 1920s until 1930 when the company went out of business. However, in the late 1920s many Grey Gull products were shipped over to Britain, judging by the appearance of UK publisher's copyright stamps on the labels. In fact, it is possible they were shipped over after the parent Grey Gull company went bankrunpt in 1930. The copyright stamp value of 1d on the Radiex records implies these records were about 2/6 in price, which was quite expensive for what was in fact a cheap record. I haven't yet found out who sold them in Britain. 
The images are the examples I have found in my collection. Reverse sides, if not shown, have no stamps. (more examples below:)


Radio
(Edison Bell Radio)
Edison Bell's entry into the lucrative 8" disc market came in 1928 with Radio records. The first issues made no mention of "Edison Bell" on the label. The records were described on the sleeves as "The Big 8" and cost 1/3. It was a high-quality product aimed at the popular market. Ex-music hall artist, Harry Hudson, was musical director and provided most of the dance music under a variety of pseudonyms. In 1931, the gold-on-blue colour scheme was almost reversed and it became black-on-gold, but time was running out and the label ceased production in 1932. The catalogue numbers started at 800 and reached just over 1600 at the end, though 1000-1200 weren't used (at least in Britain). Continental series usually had a prefix and were printed with a dark blue-on-violet label with the same design as the usual British ones. All were recorded and made in Britain. Matrix numbers were in an 80000-series. 

Raleigh A pair of records produced for the cycle manufacturing company of the same name, of Nottingham, dating from 1909 & 1910. Columbia manufactured them for Rena Records. They are numbered 999 and 1000 and all four sides are by comedian Harry Fay.
Thanks to Norman Field for the label scan
RCA RCA records were launched in Britain in 1957 and available until April 1962 in 78rpm form. Made by Decca, these were an outlet for American recordings from RCA Victor.
Thanks to Bill-Dean-Myatt for the label image.
Record Tutors Does anyone have any ideas about this record? The label gives no clues as to who made the record, or when or where. The matrix numbers (in the wax only) are hand-scribed and are RJG-1 and RJG-2.
Thanks to Richard Prout for the label image.
Recorded Productions A record company based in London's West End, they started making recordings in 1948 and continued in the 78rpm style until the end of the 1950s.
Thanks to Bill-Dean-Myatt for the label image.
Recorded Sound A "Local" record company based in London's West End, registered in 1946 and making recordings until at least the mid-1950s. 
Redemption Dating from after WWII, these records were made by Decca and the owner of the label was Pickering & Inglis Ltd of Grasgow & London.

 Thanks to Bill-Dean-Myatt for the label image.
Rediffusion These appear to be reissues of Danceland records, and date to the early 1950s.

 Thanks to Bill-Dean-Myatt for the label image.
Redwing A pretty obscure label, Redwing was produced by British Homophone using matrices also issued on Sterno. The label was presumably made for a shop or store, but I don't know which one, if so. The catalogue numbers are in an R-1000 series, the extent of which is also unknown to me at present.
Regal Regal started as a budget product made by Columbia Records and introduced in May 1914 costing 1/6, rising to 3/- in 1918, before falling to 2/6 in September 1921. It remained at this price until 1931 when it reverted to 1/6. The label colour was initially red, changing to magenta fairly early on. The catalogue series started in a G-6000 range, reaching G-9473 before changing to MR-1 in 1930. A few 12" Regals were issued in a G-1000 series. The label was taken over by EMI in 1932 as part of their purchase of Columbia, when they merged the two cheaper labels of Regal and Zonophone (see below), by which time the numbering had reached MR-744.
A complete listing of Regal issues has been published by the CLPGS.
Regal Zonophone Regal Zonophone was the result of EMI's amalgamation of their two cheaper labels in January 1933, at which time the catalogue numbering was at MR-745. Initially there was a mixture of the last few Zonophone masters (in an 0Y-series), but generally the CAR-series which started under Columbia's ownership was used right up until the label's demise in November 1949, by which time the catalogue numbers had reached MR-3819. Many American masters were used, initially from US Columbia, but later from Bluebird. Initially the label was a rather bright green and red, but subsequently the green was darkened (see example) and it was a very attractive label. In February 1935, the price was reduced to 1/- and the colour changed to just plain red with gold printing. As is usual with red labels, the gold printing was apt to wear off. The price increased to 1/3 in March 1937 then back up to 1/6 in September 1937.
Regent   Dating from the early 1920s, Regent issued 6 records with a catalogue number range from PC-1 to PC-6. All the recordings were made by Columbia and were of the Brighton Regent Orchestra (of the Regent Theatre in Brighton) under the direction of Basil Cameron; the recordings date from June 14th & June 15th 1922; Nine or 10 of the sides were also issued on Regal, as Regal (Dance*) Orchestra. Here is a list of the records:
Cat No Matrix No. Titles Regal issue
PC-1 71751
71754
Paderewsk's Famous Minuet (Minuet In G, Op 14, No. 1)
Humoreske, Op 101, No. 7 (Dvorak)
G-7817
G-7837
PC-2 71747
71748
Valse Triste (Sibelius)
Praeludium (Jarnefelt)
G-7837
PC-3 71741
71742
La Patrouille De Nuit (The Night Patrol) (Martell)
March Of The Little Leaden Soldiers (Pierne)
G-7852
G-7796
PC-4 71745
71749
Parade Of The Tin Soldiers (Jessel)
The Wee MacGregior; Highland Patrol (Amers)
G-7796
G-7852
PC-5 71743
71746
Valse Bluette (Drigo)
The Wooing Hour (Zamencik)
G-7817
PC-6 71750
71754
Coal Black Mammy, fox trot (St Helier)
Pucker Up And Whistle, fox trot (Franklyn, Vincent)

G-7853*
Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label photo.
Regentone   A rather anonymous label with no artist credits or catalogue numbers, Regentone records used masters also available on John Bull, taken from Beka masters.


Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt and Adam Miller, respecively, for providing the label photos.


Rena The Rena Manufacturing Company was formed in 1908 by Louis Sterling & N. M. Rodkinson. Rena records first appeared in December 1908, costing 1/- and manufactured by Columbia, using their own matrices. The label was gold-on-brown with a catalogue series starting at 1001. The Columbia matrix number was suppressed and only an R- or S- series control number shown. The design subsequently changed to gold-on-blue and in November 1909, Columbia took the company over, retaining the same design, and continuing the 1000-series catalogue numbering. In 1910, the label name changed to Columbia-Rena, the Rena name being dropped for good in 1915, the catalogue number having reached 2584 (the last Columbia-Rena issue).
Rex Record Not to be confused with Crystalate's popular 1930s records (see below), nor with the American disc record of pre-1920, the original Rex record was a British product dating from about 1909. The label is a very plain design of red with black print, not unlike the design of the Nicole label. It was manufactured by The Disc Record Company and has their characteritic embossed "Made In England" in the area outside of the label. There were no catalogue numbers and the details on the label were minimal - just the title of the piece of music and no artist name.
My thanks to Norman Field for the label image.
Rex "The King Of Records" first appeared in September 1933. It was a quality record at a cheap price (1/-) produced by Crystalate and sold in Marks & Spencer's stores. The catalogue series started at 8001, reaching over 10220 by February 1948 when the last ones appeared. An Irish series sported a suitably green label and a U-series catalogue. The matrix series started (for some reason) at F-500. American masters from ARC were liberally used, generally under pseudonyms such as Hollywood Dance Orchestra or Ed Lloyd and his Band (for dance records). Jay Wilbur was the studio director, but top name bands were also featured, such as Jack Payne, Charlie Kunz, Billy Cotton, Brian Lawrance and Jack Simpson. In March 1937, Decca took over Crystalate and the F- matrix series changed to R- with the same numbering.  
Rexophone
(sold in Australia)  
Homophone in Germany manufactured Rexophone records for the Australian market, prior to WWI. Both 10" and 12" sizes were made. The initial labels were plain green with gold printing, changing to a black label with a coloured picture (similar in style to "Winner") in 1914. Following the outbreak of WWI, Edison Bell took over production, which continued until about 1917.
Thanks to Adam Miller for providing the label scan.
Rimington, Van Wyck This well-known gramophone & record dealer in Cranbourn Street, London W.C.2 advertised in "The Gramophone" magazine in the 1930s that they offered "Unique Recordings" of unusual Classical music repertoire which I take to be their own records, described as "Gramophone Music for The Connoisseur". However, I have not seen any other mention of these so I would be grateful if anyone can enlighten me about this.  
Ristic Musician, sound engineer and vintage jazz enthusiast, John R.T. Davies was responsible for the Ristic issues. These were high-quality transfers ("dubs") from extremely rare 1920s Jazz and Blues originals. Some Ristics were 45rpm, 10", with two tracks each side. All were pressed in vinyl and only 99 copies (at most) of each issue were produced. The series started at 1, in November 1949.
The name "Ristic" was John R.T's nickname as a youngster, I believe.

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label image.
Robeyphone Robeyphone Grand records were sold by Chas. T. Robey of Coventry along with Gramophones of the same make and needles.
The records used "Jumbo" (i.e. Odeon) masters in the Lxo- series.

Thanks to Adam Miller for providing the label scan.
Rondophone
(sold in Australia) 

 
Made in Germany by Homophone, for the Australian market, these records date from immediately before WWI.
Please e-mail me with details of ANY of these records. Thanks to Adam Miller for providing the label scan.
Rosebud
(sold in Australia) 
This was a paste-over label on old stock of Columbia & Regal records, sold in Australia.
Royal
Made in England for export to Teheran. I've no idea of the date.

Thanks to Rainer Lotz for providing the label image (who apologises for the poor quality).
Royal Air Force

Thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label image.
Rubin A German-produced (by Homophone) label exported to Britain prior to WWI. There are two versions of the label, but the English-titled ones use a catalogue series in the E-1 range.
 
Russell An very rare label, only in production for 3 or 4 months during late summer 1908. It was made by F.M. Russell & Co Ltd, of The Junction Works, Willesden, London. There were only eighteen 10" and fifteen 12" discs altogether and few people have seen them since ! The 10" discs had an A-prefixed catalogue number, and the 12" ones a B-series.

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