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Ebonoid records appeared in September 1909 and were most likely only available for a few months. They were 3/- each, similar to most ofther disc records at the time.
They were produced by The Premier Manufacturing Company, who were already making Clarion cylinder & disc records which were standard length, but the Ebonoid cylinders and discs were advertised as playing for 5 minutes (each side, for the discs).

At the time of the announcement of Ebonoid discs, Premier were already in the hands of a receiver, and company went into liquidation in 1910, so it is not surprising the records are extremely scarce. The 1909 advert showed a "sample list" of 6 records, numbered 10001 to 10006, and it had always been assumed that these were the only ones produced, but in October 2021, images of No. 10008 were sent to collector & researcher Norman Field, which proves there were more. In fact the advert which lists the 6 initial records does state that "more will be available immediately" but really that means nothing in such adverts!

One of the more confusing aspects of Ebonoid cylinders & discs is the numbering. The cylinders were numbered from 5000 upwards, but the matrix numbers of the discs were also in the same range. However the numbers of the cyliinders and those of the discs do not match each other. Hence, below, you will see No 10001 has "By The Swanee River" (matrix 5000) coupled with "Sunday With The Troops" (matrix 5005). The same titles on Ebonoid cylinders are numbered 5013 & 5019 resepectively.

It is not known whether the cylinders and discs are separate recordings or one format is dubbed from the other, or they are concurrent recordings (i.e. whether the disc & cylinder recordings were made at the same time using two different cutting lathes). Only some of the records are available in both formats, as far as is known, but the extent of neither series is fully documented.


The initial listing was taken from "A catalogue of Clarion & Ebonoid Records" compiled by Sydney H. Carter and published by "Talking Machine Review".
me if you have any additions or corrections to this page.

Thanks to the following for providing further details: Norman Field

Page last updated on: November 20, 2021

Cat No Matrix No Title Artists
10001 5000-1
By The Swanee River - descriptive
Sunday With The Troops
Premier Concert Orchestra
10002 5004-1
La Reine De Saba  [some at least are mis-titled as "La Reine De Gaba"]
"Faust" - Soldiers' Chorus
Premier Concert Orchestra
Premier Military Band
10003 5001-2
"Mignon" - Selection
"The Dollar Princess" - selection
Premier Concert Orchestra
10004 5008
The Moon Hath Raised Her Lamp Above
Wilfred Virgo (tenor) & Harry Thornton (baritone)
10005 5007
The Trumpeter
A Smoking Concert - descriptive
Harry Thornton (baritone)
Descriptive ( = Stanley Kirkby & James Goddon)
10006 5011
The Lost Chord
W.J. Price (cornet)
Charles Draper (clarinet)
10008 5015
Peer Gynt
Premier Military Band